ACL Tears – Anatomy, Diagnosis and Treatment

What Is An ACL Tear?

Complete ACL Tear

                            ACL Tear

One of the most common knee injuries is to the ACL, or anterior cruciate ligament.  This is typically a

sprain or an ACL tear with different levels of severity categorized by grades 1 – 3.

Athletes who participate in sports like soccer, football, and basketball are more likely to injure their ACL. However, active patients may also tear their ACL during recreational sports, hobbies or even at work.

An ACL tear can occur in several ways including:

  • Rapidly changing direction
  • Stopping suddenly
  • Landing the wrong way from a jump
  • Direct contact, collision or fall, like a football tackle
  • Hyperextending the knee
  • Sometimes it can be as simple as stepping off of a curb or step

Most people with an injured ACL require surgery to restore full function of the knee; otherwise the knee may continue to “give-way” and cause damage to other structures such as the meniscus and cartilage.

What Are ACL Tear Symptoms?

At the time of an ACL tear, signs and symptoms may include:

  • A loud “pop” sound
  • Severe pain and inability to continue activity
  • Knee swelling that usually worsens for hours after the injury occurs
  • A feeling of weakness or giving way

What Are Treatment Options for an ACL Tear?

Most patients need ACL surgery to restore full knee function allowing them to safely resume all activities.

Without surgery, many active patients will experience continued episodes of their knee giving-way which can cause further damage can occur to meniscus and cartilage. Over time the meniscus and cartilage can wear down and lead to arthritis.

If surgery is needed, Dr. Goradia utilizes modern technology and medical advancements to provide patients with the best possible outcome using minimally-invasive and faster recovery options.

How is An ACL Tear Diagnosed?

  • A careful history emphasizing mechanism of injury coupled and a good physical examination will be performed by your physician.
  • An X-ray and MRI scan will be required to confirm diagnosis and determine the extent of damage to other structures within the knee.
Dr. Goradia regularly teaches ACL surgery to other surgeons and has received several national awards for his research on ACL Tears.



Choose G2 Orthopedics and Sports Medicine For Treatment of ACL Injuries

Dr. Goradia is a leading sports medicine, knee and shoulder specialist and one of the first U.S. orthopedic surgeons to be certified in sports medicine as a subspecialty. He has received numerous awards for his research on ACL Tears. He sees patients in Glen Allen, Midlothian and Tri-cities locations and performs surgery at several Richmond area hospitals.